In the United States, 1 in 3 people will have Type 2 diabetes by 2050 if current trends continue, according to a new report from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Currently, 1 in 10 Americans has Type 2 diabetes. But if new cases develop as projected, it could double or triple over the next 40 years, said Ann Albright, director of the Division of Diabetes Translation at the CDC.
Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes, and is triggered by a combination of unchangeable factors, such as family history and race, and controllable factors, such as obesity and inactivity, according to the Mayo Clinic.
It’s also the seventh leading cause of death in the United States, according to 2007 data, and is the leading cause of leg and foot amputations, kidney failure and new cases of blindness in adults under age 75, according to the CDC.
“We’re living longer, but Type 2 diabetes does get more prevalent as you age,” she said. “The body’s ability to use insulin does gradually decline, but that can be slowed by maintenance, diet and regular physical activity.”
Right now, about 60 million people in the United States have pre-diabetes — a stage of insulin resistance before full-blown diabetes. If these people don’t change their exercise and eating habits now, they will develop diabetes in the next three to six years, Albright said.
It will take a combination of personal decisions and policy changes to turn the diabetes rate around.
Check out this website from the Mayo Clinic on portion sizes and see how you do. My next blog will be about portion control and things you probably don’t know!